How Ready Are Vulnerable Countries for Climate Change?
As climate change intensifies, countries are anticipated to be affected by
it differently and have varying levels of capacity to deal with it.
Many countries around the world are vulnerable to climate change impacts,
but some of the most vulnerable countries include:
§ Small Island Developing States (SIDS): These are low-lying island nations that are at
high risk of sea level rise, storm surges, and other extreme weather events.
Examples of SIDS include Kiribati, the Maldives, and Tuvalu.
§ Sub-Saharan African countries: Many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are vulnerable to
climate change impacts such as droughts, floods, and heatwaves. These include
countries such as Ethiopia, Somalia, and Sudan.
§ South Asian countries: South Asian countries such as Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan
are at risk from sea level rise, extreme weather events, and changes in monsoon
§ Southeast Asian countries: Southeast Asian countries such as the Philippines, Indonesia,
and Vietnam are vulnerable to sea level rise, floods, and typhoons.
§ Central American and Caribbean countries: Many countries in Central America and the
Caribbean are at risk from hurricanes, storms, and sea level rise. Examples
include Haiti, Jamaica, and Nicaragua.
Overall, it is important to note that the impacts of climate change will be
felt differently in different parts of the world, and vulnerable communities
within countries may also be disproportionately affected.
The University of Notre Dame put together the ND-GAIN Country Index, which
measures each country’s vulnerability to climate change and other global
challenges. Unfortunately, the countries most vulnerable to changes in climate
are also the least ready to adapt and have the fewest resources for support.