Production Over Time: Fossil Fuels

Aaron Foyer

Global energy consumption has undergone a remarkable transformation since 1900. At first, most energy came from traditional sources like biomass and coal. But, with the advent of industrialization, electrification, and the rise of modern technologies, the demand for energy surged, leading to a significant shift towards fossil fuels, followed by a gradual diversification to include renewable energy sources.

Global coal production over the past 120 years:

Global coal production has steadily increased since 1900, reaching its peak in 2013 at around 8 billion metric tons, and has been roughly the same since towards cleaner energy sources, including renewables and natural gas, in an effort to reduce carbon emissions.

Global coal production 1900-2021

Global oil production over the past 120 years:

Global crude oil production has experienced remarkable growth since 1900, with significant increases occurring during periods of industrialization and economic development. However, the rate of growth has fluctuated over time, influenced by geopolitical events, technological advancements, and shifts in global energy demand.

Global crude oil production 1900-2021

Global natural gas production over the past 120 years:

Global natural gas production has significantly increased since 1900, with a notable surge starting in the mid-20th century due to technological advancements and increased demand. It has continued to rise steadily, reaching record levels in recent years as natural gas has become a prominent source of energy worldwide.

Global natural gas production 1900-2021